Brazil International AdoptionA Brazil international adoption is not an easy task, and it's difficult to find an international adoption agency that includes a Brazil program. Part of this may be because of the stringent requirements of the Brazilian government.
All Brazil adoptions must be finalized in Brazil before you can bring your child home. Also, Brazilian law requires most parents to live with their prospective children in Brazil for 30 days before their adoptions can be finalized.
But, if you have your heart set on a Brazil international adoption, it is possible. Just be prepared for a few challenges and a sometimes long and complicated process.
About BrazilBrazil is the largest and most heavily populated country in South America. But despite the vast space available in Brazil, most people live in the major cities on the coast. There is a high and unequal distribution of both income and crime. More than 31 percent of the people of Brazil live below the poverty line.
Many children are forced to live on the streets and face the risk of drug and glue sniffing addiction, no education, prostitution and an early death.
Brazil is a member of the Hague Convention, and efforts must first be made for children to be placed with a family in country before they can be adopted abroad.
Children AvailableIf you only want to adopt one child, you are limited to the Brazil international adoption of a child over the age of five. Brazilian law requires that children under the age of five must be placed with Brazilian families.
All other families can adopt sibling groups of any number and all ages and special needs children of all ages.
Who Can AdoptIf you are over the age of 21, you can pursue a Brazil international adoption whether you are married or single. However, you must be at least 16 years older than the child you wish to adopt.
The ProcessThe first step in a Brazil international adoption is to apply with an accredited adoption agency. You can find a list of these agencies here. Although I didn't check with every agency listed on this page, I was unable to find any that had a Brazil adoption program, although I did find a few that stated they would work with any country.
I would recommend you find some reputable adoption agencies and then contact them to see if they would be willing to facilitate a Brazil international adoption.
Get U.S. ApprovalThe Hague Treaty requires you to be approved by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. Once you are approved, your information will be forwarded to the Central Authority in Brazil.
Each state in Brazil maintains a CEJA that acts as the Central Authority and is the sole organization authorized to approve foreign adopting parents. Some CEJAs will work with American petitioners, and some won't. But according to the Intercounty Adoption website, the CEJAs that do work with American petitioners include Alagoas, Minas Gerais, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina and Sao Paulo.
The CEJA will review your application to determine whether you are also eligible to adopt under Brazilian law. If your application is approved by CEJA, you will be given a "Habilitation Approval Certificate".
If a child is available, the CEJA may provide you with a referred child. If you accept this match, you then apply to the USCIS for provisional approval to adopt that child and submit a VISA application to a Consular Officer at the U.S. Embassy. If the Consular Office finds the child eligible, they will notify the CEJA.
The length of time to complete a Brazil International Adoption is anywhere from three months to one year.
To learn more, visit the Intercountry Adoption website at http://adoption.state.gov/country/brazil.html.
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